A casino is a place where gambling games of chance are played and where the winnings are determined by luck. Some casinos add a variety of other luxuries to attract patrons, including restaurants, free drinks and stage shows, but even less fancy establishments that house gambling activities would technically be called casinos.
Gambling is a universal activity that has been seen in nearly every society since the dawn of history, from the ancient Mesopotamian city of Ninawa to Napoleon’s France and Elizabethan England. Casinos are just the latest incarnation of gambling.
Modern casinos use a wide range of strategies to lure and keep gamblers, from free food and drink to ATM machines and the use of chips instead of paper money. The latter strategy helps the casinos track the flow of cash in and out, and it turns cash into an abstraction that players are less concerned about losing.
Security at a casino is generally divided between a physical force and a specialized surveillance department. The former patrols the floor and is able to spot blatant cheating such as palming, marking or switching cards or dice. The latter monitors closed circuit television, known in the industry as “the eye in the sky,” for suspicious or definite criminal activity.
Slots are the economic backbone of many American casinos, generating a larger proportion of their revenue than any other game. They are very simple devices that merely require the player to insert money and then watch varying bands of colored shapes roll on reels (actual mechanical reels or video representations of them). If the correct pattern appears, the machine pays out a predetermined amount of money.